３．大脳皮質の分類 前頭前野 prefrontal cortex 補足運動野 supplementary motor area 一次運動野 primary motor area 体性感覚野 somatic sensory area 後頭頂（葉）皮質 posterior parietal cortex 視覚野 visual area 聴覚野 auditory area 味覚野 gustatory area 下側頭（葉）皮質（かそくとう（よう）ひしつ） inferotemporal cortex 眼窩前頭皮質 orbitorfrontal cortex
The frontal lobe, located at the front of the brain, is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the mammalian brain. The frontal lobe is located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere and positioned in front of the parietal lobe and above and in front of the temporal lobe. It is separated from the parietal lobe by a space between tissues called the central sulcus, and from the temporal lobe by a deep fold called the lateral sulcus also called the Sylvian fissure. The precentral gyrus, forming the posterior border of the frontal lobe, contains the primary motor cortex, which controls voluntary movements of specific body parts.
The occipital lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals. The occipital lobe is the visual processing center of the mammalian brain containing most of the anatomical region of the visual cortex. The primary visual cortex is Brodmann area 17, commonly called V1 (visual one). Human V1 is located on the medial side of the occipital lobe within the calcarine sulcus; the full extent of V1 often continues onto the posterior pole of the occipital lobe. V1 is often also called striate cortex because it can be identified by a large stripe of myelin, the Stria of Gennari. Visually driven regions outside V1 are called extrastriate cortex. There are many extrastriate regions, and these are specialized for different visual tasks, such as visuospatial processing, color differentiation, and motion perception. The name derives from the overlying occipital bone, which is named from the Latin ob, behind, and caput, the head. Bilateral lesions of the occipital lobe can lead to cortical blindness (See Anton's syndrome).
Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether God, the divine, or the supernatural exist – are unknown and perhaps unknowable.According to the philosopher William L. Rowe, "agnosticism is the view that human reason is incapable of providing sufficient rational grounds to justify either the belief that God exists or the belief that God does not exist." Agnosticism is a doctrine or set of tenets rather than a religion as such.
前頭連合野 Frontal association area 前頭連合野とはどのような働きをするところでしょうか。 衝動に動かされず、理性にしたがって、五感から集まってきた情報を整理・統合し、理解して、それに基づいて様々な価値判断や意志決定をし、指令を出す司令塔です。 人は前頭連合野の発達に従って、人間としての知性と心を獲得しているといえます。 前頭連合野にダメージを受けると、人格や情動の障害を生じるとともに、知的機能の障害もみられます。 前頭連合野がつかさどる機能は、計画の立案、将来の予測、時間の判断、情動の抑制、ワーキングメモリなど、多岐にわたります。
大脳辺縁系 Cerebral limbic system 大脳辺縁系の働きは、好きか嫌いかを過去の記憶から判断し、好きと判断した場合は意欲を起こし、嫌いと判断した場合は、それを避けるための信号を発します。そうした動物としての原初的な行動の源となっている部位です。そして、その信号を記憶し保存する機能があるため、情動（トラウマ）の座ともいわれます。まさにトラウマは大脳辺縁系に記録され、無自覚のうちに私たちの心情や行動に影響を与え続けているのです。
体性感覚野 Somatosensory area 体性感覚は内蔵と脳以外の身体組織にある感覚器官によって生じる感覚です。表在性受容器（皮膚受容器）は、皮膚、粘膜、皮下組織などにあって外部からの機械的変形、温度変化を検出します。深部受容器（固有受容器）は、筋肉、腱、骨膜、関節嚢、靭帯などにあって内部の運動器官の機械的変形を検出します。深部受容器は、自己の運動状態を検出するために重要な役割を演じています。 引用元：http://web2.chubu-gu.ac.jp/web_labo/mikami/brain/29-6/index-29-6.html
Consciousness -- the final frontier | Dada Gunamuktananda | TEDxNoosa 2014
Dada Gunamuktananda: Yogi and Meditation Teacher Bio: Dada Gunamuktananda has trained in meditation, yoga and natural health sciences in Australia, the Philippines and India. He has been a meditation teacher of Ananda Marga since 1995 and has taught and lectured on meditation in New Zealand, Australia, Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East. www.anandamarga.org
Whether a movie is good or bad is generally a matter of personal taste. However, there are some movies which are liked by majority of the audience and these movies become to be known as “good movies” universally. 映画の好みは人それぞれだけど、その一方、世界的にヒットする映画もある。
A good movie can be created on the basis of an exceptional written work of fiction. It should have endearing characters. Characters in a good movie are such that they make the audience empathise with them. 良い映画には素晴らしい脚本と愛すべき人物が登場し、人々の心をひきつける。
Another component of a good movie is the “story” itself. A weak story line generally is not able to win the audience. Movies like Rang De Basanti, Maachis have been able to see success due to their exceptional story lines. 映画にはなんといってもストーリーが重要である。
However, being too outlandish in a movie can be very risky as well. For example, an action movie that tries to fit too much philosophy into it usually ends up losing viewers due to the fact that viewers of action movie want to see explosions and slow-motion walking and not philosophy or logic or emotions. Also, certain degree of enigma in the movie is mostly welcomed by the audience. The more a movie intrigues the audience, the better success rate it has. 奇抜さがあればいいということでもない。アクション物なら人々はアクションを観たい。ある程度の謎も大事だ。
Also, the choice of movies varies between the age groups. While elderly people are fond of emotional movies, the younger generation is more keen on watching romantic or action movies. 映画の好みは年齢にもよる。
Originality in the movies is what actually counts. Plot goes a long way if the script is original. オリジナリティも大切だ。
Also, it is just a myth that only big budget movies do well. In fact, there are numerous examples where small budget movies have been a real hit with the audience. American graffiti, Once are some international movies which were great hits inspite of being of really small budgets. Paan Singh Tomer and Kahaani are examples from the Bollywood. Also, Sholay has been such a great hit for decades together because it could incorporate all these ingredients which make a movie a “hit” with the audience. ヒット映画の要素を組み入れれば、予算の大小に関わらずヒットする映画は作られる。
It is true that the purpose to a movie is to take you away from your life for a couple of hours and the movie which is able to do that to the audience generally turns out to be a good movie for them. 良い映画というものは、あなたを別の世界に連れて行ってくれるものだ。 引用元：http://www.careerride.com/view.aspx?id=12493
韓国語学習日記 引用元：ＫＢＳ 翻訳：エキサイト
잘쓰지 않고 오래돼서 기억도 나지 않는 회원 가입 사이트들. 일일이 하나씩 탈퇴하기 번거로워서 방치해 두기 쉬운데, 한번에 탈퇴할 수 있는 방법을 알려드립니다.
I am irritated by my inability of putting out the things that I want. There surely is something I want to say but the exact words won't come out. This is because of declining of ability to use the language. So now I need a friend who talk with.
Maybe not a conversation, just taking part in a text chat will help me a bit. I could talk philosophical things with English speaker on the web.
In this study, we examined the neuroanatomy of dyslexic (14 males, four females) and control (19 males, 13 females) children in grades 4–6 from a family genetics study. The dyslexics had specific deficits in word reading relative to the population mean and verbal IQ, but did not have primary language or motor deficits. Measurements of the posterior temporal lobe, inferior frontal gyrus, cerebellum and whole brain were collected from MRI scans. The dyslexics exhibited significantly smaller right anterior lobes of the cerebellum, pars triangularis bilaterally, and brain volume. Measures of the right cerebellar anterior lobe and the left and right pars triangularis correctly classified 72% of the dyslexic subjects (94% of whom had a rapid automatic naming deficit) and 88% of the controls. The cerebellar anterior lobe and pars triangularis made significant contributions to the classification of subjects after controlling for brain volume. Correlational analyses showed that these neuroanatomical measurements were also significantly correlated with reading, spelling and language measures related to dyslexia. Age was not related to any anatomical variable. Results for the dyslexic children from the family genetics study are discussed with reference to dyslexic adults from a prior study, who were ascertained on the basis of a discrepancy between phonological coding and reading comprehension. The volume of the right anterior lobe of the cerebellum distinguished dyslexic from control participants in both studies. The cerebellum is one of the most consistent locations for structural differences between dyslexic and control participants in imaging studies. This study may be the first to show that anomalies in a cerebellar‐frontal circuit are associated with rapid automatic naming and the double‐deficit subtype of dyslexia.